What is byte
The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits. Historically, the byte was the number of bits used to encode a single character of text in a computer and for this reason it is the smallest addressable unit of memory in many computer architectures.
Tabular Representation of various Memory Sizes
|NAME||EQUAL TO||SIZE(IN BYTES)|
|Nibble||4 bits||1/2 (rare)|
|Megabyte||1, 024kilobytes||1, 048, 576|
|Gigabyte||1, 024 megabytes||1, 073, 741, 824|
|Terrabyte||1, 024 gigabytes||1, 099, 511, 627, 776|
|Petabyte||1, 024 terrabytes||1, 125, 899, 906, 842, 624|
|Exabyte||1, 024 petabytes||1, 152, 921, 504, 606, 846, 976|
|Zettabyte||1, 024 exabytes||1, 180, 591, 620, 717, 411, 303, 424|
|Yottabyte||1, 024 zettabytes||1, 208, 925, 819, 614, 629, 174, 706, 176|
Types of various Units of Memory-
- Kilo Byte
- Mega Byte
- Giga Byte
- Tera Byte
- Peta Byte
- Exa Byte
- Zetta Byte
- Yotta Byte
In computer systems, a unit of data that is eight binary digits long is known as a byte. A byte is the unit that computers use to represent a character such as a letter, number or a typographic symbol (for example, “h”, “7”, or “$”). A byte can also grasp a string of bits that need to be used in some larger units of application processes (e.g., the stream of bits that composes a visual image for a program that represents images or the string of bits that composes the machine code of a computer program).
A byte is abbreviated with a big “B” whereas a bit is abbreviated with a small “b”. Computer storage is generally measured in multiples of byte. For example, a 640 MB hard drive holds a nominal 640 million bytes – or megabytes – of data. Byte multiples are made up of exponents of 2 and generally expressed as a “rounded off” decimal number. For example, two megabytes or 2 million bytes are actually 2, 097, 152 (decimal) bytes.
The kilobyte is the smallest unit of memory measurement but greater than a byte. A kilobyte is 103 or 1, 000 bytes abbreviated as ‘K’ or ‘KB’. It antecedes the MegaByte, which contains 1, 000, 000 bytes. One kilobyte is technically 1, 000 bytes, therefore, kilobytes are often used synonymously with kibibytes, which contain exactly 1, 024 bytes.
Kilobytes are mostly used to measure the size of small files. For example, a simple text document may contain 10 KB of data and therefore it would have a file size of 10 kilobytes. Graphics of small websites are often between 5 KB and 100 KB in size. Individual files typically take up a minimum of four kilobytes of disk space.
One megabyte is equal to 1, 000 KBs and antecedes the gigabyte(GB) unit of memory measurement. A megabyte is 106 or 1, 000, 000 bytes and is abbreviated as “MB”. 1 MB is technically 1, 000, 000 bytes, therefore, megabytes are often used synonymously with mebibytes, which contain exactly 1, 048, 576 bytes.
Megabytes are mostly used to measure the size of large files. For example, a high resolution JPEG image might range in size from 1-5 megabytes. A 3-minute song saved in a compressed version may be roughly 3MB in size, and the uncompressed version may take upto 30 MB of disk space. Compact Disk’s capacity is measured in megabytes (approx 700 to 800 MB), whereas the capacity of most other forms of media drives, such as hard drives and flash drives, is generally measured in gigabytes or terabytes.
One gigabyte is equal to 1, 000 MBs and precedes the terabyte(TB) unit of memory measurement. A gigabyte is 109 or 1, 000, 000, 000 bytes and is abbreviated as “GB”. 1 GB is technically 1, 000, 000, 000 bytes, therefore, gigabytes are used synonymously with gibibytes, which contain exactly 1, 073, 741, 824 bytes.
Gigabytes, are sometimes also abbreviated as “gigs, ” and are often used to measure storage device’s capacity. e.g., a standard DVD drive can hold 4.7 GBs of data. Storage devices that hold 1, 000 GB of data or more are measured in terabytes.
One terabyte is equal to 1, 000 GBs and precedes the petabyte(PB) unit of memory measurement.A terabyte is 1012 or 1, 000, 000, 000, 000 bytes and is abbreviated as “TB”. 1 TB is technically 1 trillion bytes, therefore, terabytes and tebibytes are used synonymously, which contains exactly 1, 099, 511, 627, 776 bytes (1, 024 GB).
Mostly the storage capacity of large storage devices is measured in TeraBytes. Around 2007, consumer hard drives reached a capacity of 1 Tera Byte. Now, HDDs are measured in Terabytes e.g., a typical internal HDD may hold 2 Terabytes of data whereas some servers and high-end workstations that contain multiple hard drives may even have a total storage capacity of over 10 Tera bytes.
One petabyte is equal to 1, 000 TBs and precedes the exabyte unit of memory measurement. A petabyte is 1015 or 1, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000 bytes and is abbreviated as “PB”. A petabyte is lesser in size than a pebibyte, which contains exactly 1, 125, 899, 906, 842, 624 (250) bytes.
Most of the storage devices can hold a maximum of a few TBs, therefore, petabytes are rarely used to measure memory capacity of a single device. Instead, PBs are used to measure the total data stored in large networks or server farms. For example, Internet Giants like Google and Facebook store more than over 100 PBs of data on their data servers.
One exabyte is equal to 1, 000 PBs and precedes the zettabyte unit of memory measurement. An exabyte is 1018 or 1, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000 bytes and is abbreviated as “EB”. Exabytes are lesser than exbibytes, which contain exactly 1, 152, 921, 504, 606, 846, 976 (260) bytes.
The exabyte unit of memory measurement is so large, that it is not used to measure the capacity of storage devices. Even the data storage capacity of the biggest cloud storage centers is measured in PBs, which is a fraction of 1 EB. Instead, exabytes measure the amount of data over multiple data storage networks or the amount of data that is being transferred over the Internet for a certain amount of time. E.g., several hundred exabytes of data is transferred over the Internet every year.
One zettabyte is equal to 1, 000 exabytes or 1021 or 1, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000 bytes. Zettabyte is little bit smaller than zebibyte that contain 1, 180, 591, 620, 717, 411, 303, 424 (270) bytes and is abbreviated as “ZB”. One zettabyte contains one billion TBs or one sextillion bytes that means it will take one billion one terabyte hard drives to store one zettabyte of data. Generally, Zettabyte is used to measure the large amounts of data and all the data in the world is just a few zettabytes.
One yottabyte is equal to 1, 000 zettabytes. It is the largest SI unit of memory measurement. A yottabyte is 1024 ZettaBytes or 1, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000 bytes and is abbreviated as “YB”. It is little bit smaller than yobibyte, which contains exactly 1, 208, 925, 819, 614, 629, 174, 706, 176 bytes (280) bytes.
1 yottabyte contains one septillion bytes which is exactly same as one trillion TBs. It is a very large number that human can evaluate. There is no practical use of such a large measurement unit because all the data in the world made of just a few zettabytes.