The original Standard Ethernet had been introduced using different cable arrangements. Standard Ethernet is divided into:
10BASE-5: Uses the thick co-axial cable such as RG-8, therefore also known as ThickNet. It provides a transmission rate of 10Mbps and uses the baseband signaling.
10BASE-2: Uses thin co-axial cable such as RG-58A/U, therefore also known as Thinnet and Cheapernet. 10BASE-2 was introduced after identifying the problem of the thick cable generated by 10BASE-5. Another factor considered in using 1013ASE-2 is that it is more economical than 10BASE-5.
10BASE-T: Uses Unshielded Twisted Pair Cable (UTP) to connect devices. Its popularity increased as it can be installed easily, lightly, reliably, and more flexibly than the previous two.
10BASE-F: Uses fiber optical cable and has three types, namely, 10BASE-FB, 10BASE-FL, and 10BASE-FP. The descriptions of these types are:
- 10BASE-FB: Specifies the way of synchronizing the data transmission over fiber-optic cable.
- 10BASE-FL: Carries large amount of data in form of light waves.
- 10BASE-FP: Establishes numerous computers into the Star topology without using any repeater.
|Transmission Medium||Coaxial cable(50 ohm)||Coaxial cable (50ohm)||Unshielded twisted pair||Optical fiber pair 850 nm|
|Maximum segment length||500 meters||185 meters||100 meters||500 meters|
|Nodes per segment||100||30||—-||33|
|Cable Diameter||10mm||5mm||0.4 to 0.6 mm||62.5/125nm|