Installing and Upgrading CPU
Before you learn installation and upgradation of processor or CPU, it is important to understand the numerous cooling device designs and socket types that may come up while removing CPU, before dwelling into processor/ CPU installation and upgradation.
CPU Mantle: The CPU is usually protected from external elements like dust particles, with the help of a cabinet case. The processor is covered by a plastic mantle or shroud, for air propagation through it. It usually covers the CPU fan. The mantle case is attached to the cabinet using plastic clips.
Fans and Heat Sinks: The fan or sink must be removed before extracting the processor. There is no requirement of tools for this purpose as it is a simple and easy process. Just squeeze a metal clip to release the heat sink. However, caution must be taken as there is a power connector with the fan assembly. Once cooling systems are removed, the processor is revealed.
ZIF Sockets: ZIF stands for Zero Insertion Force. It is a type of socket embedded on electronic devices to prevent any damage caused while insertion. These sockets are used by most AMD processors and older Intel chips.
LGA Socket: After ZIF sockets, Intel processors began using Land Grid Array (LGA) Sockets. Here the pins are mounted in the socket rather than on the circuit. The chip is removed by lifting the lever, pulling up the metal cover, and then taking out the chip while handling it through edges.
Tips to keep in mind before installing processor regardless of an Intel CPU or an AMD processor are as follows:
- Take off cabling and wiring
Stop power supply and detach the CPU cooling fan from the power connector.
- Be cautious while removing CPU cooler
Be quite careful while removing CPU cooler. If the CPU cooler is a high-Performance component, then follow the directions provided by the manufacturer if the need to reattach it arises. Such coolers have mounting plates engrossed on the motherboard. Take precautions to prevent plate from falling off.
- Pull your sleeves to take out motherboard
If the CPU socket is difficult to reach, there may be the need to put extra effort to remove the motherboard.
Keep these instructions in mind, before installing or upgrading a CPU. A detailed explanation of Intel CPU upgradation process is given in the following sub-section.