It referring to an Internet address or name, a domain or domain name is the location of a website. For example, the domain name “google.com” points to the IP address “126.96.36.199”. Generally, it’s easier to remember a name rather than a long string of numbers. A domain name can be a maximum of sixty three characters with one character minimum, and is entered after the protocol in the URL, as you can see in the following example.https://www.artechnologygroup.com
Domain names are used to identify one or more IP addresses. For example, the domain name microsoft.com represents about a dozen IP addresses. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages. For example, in the URL https:artechnologygroup.online the domain name is artechnologygroup.com
Every domain name has a suffix that indicates which top level domain (TLD) it belongs to. There are only a limited number of such domains. For example:
· gov – Government agencies
· edu – Educational institutions
· org – Organizations (nonprofit)
· mil – Military
· com – commercial business
· net – Network organizations
Because the Internet is based on IP addresses, not domain names, every Web server requires a Domain Name System (DNS) server to translate domain names into IP addresses.
Domain Name Types
Top-Level Domain (TLD) refers to the suffix or the last part of a domain name. There’s a limited list of predefined suffixes which includes:
- .com – commercial business (the most common TLD)
- .org – organizations (typically, nonprofit)
- .gov – government agencies
- .edu – educational institutions
- .net – network organizations
- .mil – military
TLDs are classified into two broad categories: generic top-level domains (gTLDs) and country-code top-level domains (ccTLDs).
Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLDs) is a generic top-level domain name that identifies the domain class it is associated with (.com, .org, .edu, etc).
Country Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) is a two-letter domain extension, such as .uk or .fr, assigned to a country, geographic location or territory.
nTLDs refers to new top-level domain names that are geared towards brands organizations and services, as they’re more customized, flexible and relevant. Examples of nTLDs include “.voyage”, “.app”, “.ninja”, “.cool”, etc.
Simple define domain and a subdomain
Domain (e.gartechnologygroup.com) is the web address you buy from a domain registry.
Subdomain (e.g., blog.artechnology.com) is a subset of a domain that can be created by a domain owner.