In general, data is any set of characters that is gathered and translated for some purpose, usually analysis. If data is not put into context, it doesn’t do anything to a human or computer.
There are multiple types of data. Some of the more common types of data include the following.
- Single character
- Boolean (true or false)
- Text (string)
- Number (integer or floating-point)
In a computer’s storage, data is a series of bits (binary digits) that can have the value one or zero. Data is processed by the CPU, which uses logical operations to produce new data (output) from source data (input).