Concept of Hardware and Software

A computer is a combination of hardware and software. These two work combindely and make computer do for what it is instructed.


The term hardware refers to the physical components of a computer such as keyboard, Mouse, Monitor, Printer, etc , including the digital circuitry. It is an integral of a computer embedded in all modern day machines, automobiles, microwave ovens, compact  disc players etc.



It is a collection of computer programs, procedures related data that provide the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it. It is responsible for controlling, integrating and managing the hardware components of a computer system and for accomplishing specific tasks. Software can be divided into following major categories

1.System software

2. Application software

3. System Utilities


1. System software

It consists of several programs, which are directly responsible for controlling, integrating and managing the individual hardware components of a computer system.

It Also provides the interface between the user and components of the computer. Some common examples of system software are as follows

  • Operating System
  • Device Drivers
  • Language Translator


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